With the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a surge in healthcare investment. According to the stats, around $9.2 billion and $14.2 billion were invested in the US, domestically and globally, respectively. That being said, there has been increasing demand for vaccine distribution, mental health services, and personalized care. Since the traditional healthcare system has been overwhelmed by the massive demand for healthcare services, telemedicine is increasingly used to complement and the healthcare systems around the world. However, while telemedicine has come out as a great savior for the healthcare system, the increasing use of the technology has resulted in a higher influx of cybersecurity attacks in the healthcare industry.
According to HIPAA Journal, cybersecurity attacks have grown by 45% globally (by March). For this purpose, the IT professionals are under pressure to limit the attacks and enhance threat detection, hence the need for compliance with HIPAA security rules. So, let us walk you through three major components addressed in HIPAA law!
Why Need To Comply With The HIPAA Security Rule?
The healthcare providers and additional entities are dealing with PHI, computerized operations, CPOE, EHR, laboratory systems, radiology, and pharmacy systems, which has increased the need for HIPAA compliance. For this reason, the health plans are providing access to self-service applications and care management apps for improving mobility and efficiency. On the contrary, security systems are being put in place for improving the privacy protection of healthcare information.
The security systems also improve the efficiency and quality of patient care. When it comes down to the design of The Security Rule, it’s flexible enough for the implementation of different technologies, policies, and procedures. The best thing about this rule is that it can implement the technologies and policies according to the patients’ risk, the structure of the organization, and the e-PHI of the consumers.
What Are The Three Components Of HIPAA Security Rule Compliance?
HIPAA security rule compliance covers administrative, technical, and physical security. Collectively, HIPAA ensures the integrity and confidentiality of the ePHI that are created and received. In addition, it required the healthcare providers to protect the information against security threats and prevent disclosure of patient information. However, HIPAA’s three aspects of security are explained in detail below.
1st Key Element of HIPAA Law: Administrative Requirements
The administrative requirements will ensure that patient information and data are accessible and correct. The administrative requirements of HIPAA law demand the users formalize the privacy processes in the written document. Other aspects of the administrative requirements include the following;
- Allocating the personnel or a staff member for overseeing HIPAA compliance and data security
- Identification of employees who will have access to patient information and data
- Requiring third-party members to sign contracts for compliance with HIPAA security rule
- Backing up the data and creating the emergency plan
- Performing the annual security assessment of data
- Creating the response plan for data breaches
2nd Key Elements of HIPAA Law: Physical Security Requirements
The physical security requirements allow healthcare organizations to prevent device loss and physical theft (particularly for patient information). The physical security requirements of HIPAA Law includes the following;
- Limiting the access to computer for securing the desks and for keeping information safe from the general public
- Restricting the access to secure areas and demanding proper sign-in for visitors
- Practicing caution and following the best security practices for disposing of the software and hardware. It also includes the hard drive wiping
- Training the contractors and employees on safety practices
3rd Key Element of HIPAA Law: Technical Security Requirements
Different aspects of technical security requirements and creating a medical app, are as follows: are for protecting the devices and networks from data breaches. Different aspects of technical security requirements include the following;
- Encrypting the sensitive files and ensure that cloud-based platforms are using encryption
- Protecting the healthcare network from hackers with prevention systems and firewalls
- Training the employees for avoiding phishing scams after proper identification
- Backing up the data in case of changes and deletion
- Authenticating data transfers to third parties by demanding a password
- Requiring employees to change the passwords on a regular basis and the passwords must be a combination of characters, numbers, and letters
- Preventing mistakes in data entry through double-keying and redundancy technologies
- Ensuring documentation updates on networks and technologies
what are the three primary parts of HIPAA authorization?
The primary function of HIPAA authorization and three parts of HIPAA is to improve patient security and safety. HIPAA is basically a federal law that requires healthcare facilities to protect patient health data and ensure that the information isn’t disclosed without the knowledge or consent of the patients. As far as the 3 parts of HIPAA are concerned, they are as follows;
- Administrative Security – This is the first component of three parts of HIPAA, and it controls the security personnel, security management, and information access management, evaluation of security systems, and management and training of the workforce
- Physical Security – The physical security component controls the facility control and access and is about restricting access to patients or their data. In addition, workstation and device security are also covered in physical security, which puts restrictions on the physical devices and administers the disposal of these devices.
- Technical Security – This component covers the audit controls, integrity controls, access controls, and transmission security to ensure every technical component is safe from threats and breaching
what is the difference between hl7 and HIPAA compliance?
HL7 is generally used for electronic health record solutions, and it is a combination of international standards. These standards are used for providing information regarding data sharing and transferring between different healthcare providers. On the other hand, HIPAA is the federal law that’s designed to protect the sensitive and confidential information of the patients and ensure that it doesn’t get disclosed unless patients are made aware of it if they provide consent.
what are the four main purposes of HIPAA?
The four main purposes of HIPAA include assuring the portability of health insurance by cutting out job locks, reducing the chances of healthcare abuse and fraud, and implementing healthcare information standards. Lastly, it also serves the purpose of guaranteeing the privacy and security of healthcare information of every patient.
How To Protect Patient Data With Cyber Liability Insurance?
The cyber liability insurance covers the individuals at federal and state levels for third-party liabilities. It focuses on penalties and ensures that they are legally obligated. It focuses on covering the defense costs that arise from data and security breaches with personal information. The policy covers the reasonable costs for notifying the affected organizations and individuals.
This is a great insurance policy for social workers since it provides an extensive range of coverage to the data security and privacy legislation. That being said, healthcare professionals need insurance coverage for data and information breaching. In particular, state and federal governments demand healthcare professionals have this insurance in case of hacks and breaching.
Summary Of The HIPAA Privacy Rule
Society has become reliant on medical information for performing basic functions and make individual-based decisions. However, some cyber developments have threatened the security of healthcare information and have become a concerning point.
- Medical Privacy Laws
The healthcare information’s confidentiality is managed by a different state, local, and federal statutes and case laws. However, before the HIPAA privacy rule, the federal rules didn’t address the security of information that’s maintained and collected by different healthcare entities. There was no comprehensive federal law that could protect the confidentiality of the patient records. In addition, there was a lack of uniformity in healthcare information confidentiality.
That being said, there was a variation in medical record laws in different states. These variations became critical in the disclosure, maintenance, and collection of healthcare information while it’s transmitted through digital platforms. For this purpose, HIPAA provides more stringent and uniform state laws.
Fast forward to HIPAA Compliant Healthcare Solutions, different medical records confidentiality bills were launched in the last ten years. These bills were aimed at improving the portability of health insurance coverage. In particular, section 262 direct the HHS to standardize the electronic information exchange. It also develops the standards for implicating information security. Secondly, section 264 demanded HHS to answer to congress on standards with privacy rights.
- The December 2000 Privacy Rule
This was the final privacy regulation that was published on 28th December 2000. However, it was first made effective on 26th February 2001 but was changed to 14th April 2001. The rule enforcement was initiated in 2003 but some small health plans waited till 2004 for implementing the laws. However, this medical privacy rule prohibited the entities from disclosing the protected information and data related to healthcare to third parties. Still, there was an exception to release the information if there is a disclosure permit.
- The August 2002 Privacy Rule
The privacy rule was reopened by the Bush administration where various points were targeted for clarity purposes. To name a few, these points included the use for treatment, payment, treatment disclosure, authorization and consent of procedures, healthcare operations, parental access to the health information of minors, privacy practices for notices, and oral communication. After this, the Bush administration proposed the modification in March 2002.
The Most Common HIPAA Violations You Should Be Aware Of?
The common HIPAA violations that healthcare organization should be aware of include the following;
- Keeping the records without security
- Data without encryption
- Device loss and thefts
- Lack of training for employees
- Sharing of PHI
- Improper record disposal
- Unauthorized information release
What is Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act?
This is the federal law that demands the development of national standards for protecting the patient’s healthcare information. It also ensures the prevention of information disclosure if there is no consent by the patients.
List four areas of HIPAA that are important to patients?
When it comes down to HIPAA, four areas are extremely important to patients, such as security of health information, the privacy of health data, the right to collect copies of healthcare data, and notification about medical record breaching.
What is the prime function of HL7 standards?
HL7 standards were designed to allow advanced tool integration for transferring critical healthcare data and information. This integration is highly likely to improve the efficiency of healthcare facilities while reducing the chances of errors.
Is the HL7 system designed with tech standards?
Yes, the HL7 system can support technological advancements in healthcare. For this reason, multiple hospitals have started using open-source HL7 integration engines.
Are HL7 standards-compliant with HIPAA law?
It is up to the healthcare providers to ensure that HL7 standards are implemented according to HIPAA laws. If the HL7 standards are applied according to HIPAA law, the workflow at hospitals will be streamlined, and the EHRs will show improved performance.
Is HL7 futuristic?
Yes, HL7 will have a prominent role in the future healthcare system. In particular, it will be widely used in healthcare integration systems.
The cost of the telemedicine equipment varies from clinic to clinic. It can be $10,000 or higher for on-sight equipment. Or the cost can be a few hundred dollars per month per user.
what are the three rules of HIPAA used for?
Three rules of HIPAA are basically three components of the security rule. HIPAA 3 rules are designed to keep the patient information safe, and it required healthcare organizations to implement best healthcare practices. The components of 3 HIPAA rules include technical security, administrative security, and physical security. These rules can enhance the efficiency of the healthcare system, improve the portability of healthcare insurance, and ensure the safety of patient information.
What is HIPAA internet of things in healthcare?
HIPAA is basically a federal law that helps protect the patient’s data and ensure it’s not disclosed without their consent and knowledge. As far as IoT is concerned, HIPAA applies to that as well, which means healthcare facilities need to identify the vulnerabilities in their IoT systems and choose the right devices. In addition, the changes in devices should be communicated with end-users.
IoMT firewall rules for HIPAA applications?
When it comes down to HIPAA firewall rules, they do apply to the IoMT systems and devices. These firewall rules and controls are essential for maintaining the healthcare organization’s security and compliance with HIPAA. In addition, if these firewall controls aren’t implemented properly, you will be charged with HIPAA fines.
What are the components of HIPAA privacy rules for deceased patients?
If we look at the components of the HIPAA privacy rule, it requires healthcare providers to keep the personal health information of the deceased patient for fifty years after their death.